Women are hardier than men, study suggests

TUESDAY, Jan. 16, 2018 — Women are known to outlive men. And that advantage may start early, according to researchers who’ve found baby girls more likely to survive famines, epidemics and other misfortunes.

The fact that females have this advantage in infancy — when there are few behavioral differences between the sexes — suggests biology may be at least partly responsible, the researchers said.

“Our results add another piece to the puzzle of gender differences in survival,” said study leaders Virginia Zarulli, from the University of Southern Denmark, and James Vaupel, from Duke University.

They examined about 250 years of data on people who died at age 20 or younger due to severe circumstances. These included slavery in Trinidad and the United States in the early 1800s; famine in Sweden, Ireland and the Ukraine in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries; and measles epidemics in Iceland in the 1800s.

Even when overall death rates were very high, females still lived longer than males by an average of six months to four years, according to the study.

Breaking down the results by age group, the researchers found that most of the female survival advantage came in infancy, with newborn girls hardier than newborn boys.

This early female survival advantage may be due to factors such as genetics or hormones, the researchers suggested in a Duke news release.

For example, estrogens (female hormones) have been shown to boost the immune system’s ability to fight infectious disease, the researchers said.

The results were published online recently in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

More information

The World Health Organization has facts on child mortality.

Copyright © 2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

منبع مطلب : https://www.upi.com/Health_News/2018/01/16/Women-are-hardier-than-men-study-suggests/8371516155306/

Fluids may buy dying cancer patients a day or two

TUESDAY, Jan. 16, 2018 — Giving fluids to dying cancer patients may help them live a bit longer, a new British study finds.

“Hydration plays a key role in delaying the dying process,” said Dr. Agnieszka Michael, medical director of clinical trials at the University of Surrey in England.

However, “why this is remains unknown,” Michael added.

The study included more than 200 cancer patients, aged 28 to 98, in the United Kingdom. The patients were in their last week of life and were unable to take in sufficient fluids on their own.

Those who received fluids either directly into a vein or under the skin lived an average of 1.5 days longer than those who did not receive fluids, according to the study.

The team plans to continue its research. “The results from this will help improve quality in end-of-life care,” Michael said in a university news release.

“Hydration of dying patients in palliative care delivers the gift of time. However, this is not a gift that all patients and their families desire,” Michael added.

It’s a contentious issue, said Andrew Davies, a consultant in palliative medicine at Royal Surrey County Hospital.

But one extra day can make a world of difference to some patients, he said.

“For some patients and their families, living an extra day or so may be extremely important, as it can give them an opportunity to say their goodbyes, have family arrive from abroad, write a will or even get married,” Davies explained.

The study was published online recently in the Journal of Palliative Medicine.

More information

The U.S. National Cancer Institute has more on end-of-life care.

Copyright © 2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

منبع مطلب : https://www.upi.com/Health_News/2018/01/16/Fluids-may-buy-dying-cancer-patients-a-day-or-two/9591516155151/

Weight-loss surgery’s benefits wane over time for diabetics

TUESDAY, Jan. 16, 2018 — In the relative short-run, weight-loss surgery helped obese people struggling with type 2 diabetes experience marked improvement in diabetes-related health issues, new research reports.

But, their ability to control blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels diminished over time, the study found. That raises questions as to how long the benefits can be maintained further down the road.

“We found that adding gastric bypass [weight-loss surgery] did provide significant benefit at five years after surgery,” said study author Dr. Charles Billington. “But the size of the benefit declined substantially from the first to the fifth year.”

Billington is a professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis.

The study began with 120 patients with type 2 diabetes from the United States and Taiwan. Half underwent weight-loss surgery while the other half had only lifestyle interventions.

After a year, 50 percent of the 60 participants who’d had weight-loss surgery had reached targeted blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels associated with diabetes control. However, “the slide in achievement of the triple endpoint target among the gastric bypass group was from 50 percent at one year to 23 percent at five years,” Billington said.

By comparison, 16 percent of the 60 study participants who did not have weight-loss surgery met the three diabetes control targets after a year. That fell to 4 percent after five years, according to the study.

Billington said the drop-off in effectiveness probably was not a question of regaining weight after surgery. Participants’ weights were found to be “fairly stable” between two and five years after the procedure, he said.

Instead, he suggested that much of the benefit loss “may be related to withdrawal of the intense [post-surgery] lifestyle and medical management after two years, when the participants were transitioned to usual medical care.”

The study appears in the Jan. 16 issue of Journal of the American Medical Association.

The benefits of weight-loss surgery, however, extend beyond people with diabetes, another study in the same journal issue reported.

It found that weight-loss surgery can greatly decrease obese people’s odds of dying in the four to five years after the procedure.

The study found “lower mortality rates — up to 50 percent [lower] — in the obese patient undergoing surgery, as opposed to matched obese patients who continue with usual care,” said lead study author Orna Reges. She’s an epidemiologist at the Clalit Research Institute in Tel Aviv, Israel.

“These results are in line with previous results, which demonstrated the benefit of bariatric surgery to reduce all-cause mortality in the short term,” Reges said.

The benefit might stem from people’s ability to maintain weight loss, the researchers said.

Reges’ study tracked nearly 8,400 people in Israel for an average of 4.5 years after their weight-loss surgery. Their outcomes were compared with those of more than 25,000 obese people who did not have weight-loss surgery.

About 60 percent of those who’d had surgery maintained much of their weight loss, compared with 8 percent of those who hadn’t had surgery.

In the diabetes study, which involved only people who were obese and had the blood sugar disease, participants had been dealing with diabetes for nine years, on average.

Though the diabetes-control benefits achieved right after surgery did taper off over time, most people’s readings were still better at the five-year point than they had been before their surgery, according to the study results.

Generally, blood sugar control held up the best, compared with blood pressure and cholesterol control, Billington said.

Whether weight-loss surgery is worth it for people with diabetes, Billington said, is “a matter of perspective.”

“The improvement in achievement of the triple endpoint [markers] is significant, but may not be large enough to warrant the adverse events,” he said. People who’d had surgery had more gastrointestinal problems such as small bowel obstructions and leaks, the study found.

“The surgery group did get better blood sugar control at the price of more adverse events,” Billington said.

Dr. John Morton, chief of bariatric and minimally invasive surgery at Stanford University School of Medicine in California, was less equivocal.

“This paper again demonstrates the strong superiority of surgical management versus lifestyle changes for treatment of obesity and diabetes,” he said.

But Morton acknowledged that the surgery’s protective impact did appear to weaken and offered possible explanations.

For one thing, the study participants had “long-standing, poorly controlled diabetes,” he noted. “Consequently, treatment of late-stage disease … will be harder to eradicate. The study highlights the need for earlier referral for treatment.

“In addition, a sizable portion of patients were of Asian background, who can have diabetes at much lower weights, indicating a different course of disease for these patients, independent of weight,” Morton said.

More information

The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery has more on weight-loss surgery and diabetes.

Copyright © 2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

منبع مطلب : https://www.upi.com/Health_News/2018/01/16/Weight-loss-surgerys-benefits-wane-over-time-for-diabetics/8911516154974/

Magic’s Afflalo throws massive haymaker at Timberwolves’ Bjelica

Jan. 16 (UPI) — Orlando Magic guard Arron Afflalo and Minnesota Timberwolves forward Nemanja Bjelica were kicked out of Tuesday’s game for an intense fight.

The skirmish went down with 7:28 remaining in the second quarter of the contest at the Amway Center in Orlando. The Timberwolves led the game 36-34.

Timberwolves guard Jamal Crawford attempted a jump shot from the right corner to begin the sequence. Bjelica ran up to Afflalo near the free throw line and hit hit with both hands as he neared the rim, possibly to attempt a rebound.

Afflalo reacted by throwing a massive right-handed haymaker, barely missing Bjelica. The 6-foot-10, 230-pound Serbian then put the 6-foot-5, 210-pound guard in a headlock, before the two were separated by teammates and the officials.

Bjelica had two points and a rebounds in four minutes of action. Afflalo did not score, but had one rebound in four minutes.

The Timberwolves took a 48-47 lead into the halftime break.

Tuesday’s scuffle follows Monday’s migration of Houston Rockets players to the Los Angeles Clippers‘ locker room at the Staples Center who were looking to tangle. The NBA is looking into that altercation and will likely look into Tuesday’s meeting between Afflalo and Bjelica.

منبع مطلب : https://www.upi.com/Sports_News/NBA/2018/01/16/Magics-Afflalo-throws-massive-haymaker-at-Timberwolves-Bjelica/3811516153388/

Emmanuel Macron ‘agrees to loan Bayeux Tapestry to Britain’

French president to allow artefact to leave the country for first time for 950 years

Bayeux Tapestry

The tapestry is not likely to be loaned for another five years, after structural tests have been carried out.
Photograph: Alinari/Rex/Shutterstock

The Bayeux Tapestry will be loaned to Britain after the French president agreed to let it leave his country for the first time in 950 years, the Guardian understands.

Emmanuel Macron is expected to announce that the artefact depicting the Norman conquest of England after the Battle of Hastings in 1066 will be moved from its current location in Normandy to the UK at an Anglo-French summit on Thursday.

Theresa May will use the decision, which has involved lengthy talks between each country’s respective culture departments, to highlight the strength in UK-French relations following Brexit.

The artwork, which is 70 metres (229 ft) long and 50cm high, is thought to have been made shortly after the battle in the 11th century. Some historians argue it was made in Kent, England, a debate that is set to reignite following the announcement.

The loan is not likely to take place for five years and is reportedly subject to tests by the Bayeux Museum to ensure it can be moved without causing damage. It is not yet known where the artwork will be displayed when it arrives in the UK.

There have been previous unsuccessful attempts to negotiate a loan of the embroidery to the UK: once for the Queen’s coronation in 1953; and in 1966 for the 900-year anniversary of the Battle of Hastings.

The first written record of it is in 1476 when it was recorded in the Bayeux cathedral treasury as “a very long and narrow hanging on which are embroidered figures and inscriptions comprising a representation of the conquest of England”.

However, the embroidery has rarely been moved even within France. In 1803 Napoleon Bonaparte put it on display in Paris and in 1945, it was briefly displayed in the Louvre in 1945 after being seized from the Nazis.

The announcement will likely lighten the mood when May hosts Macron at Sandhurst military academy on Thursday.

The talks will see the leaders discuss the handling of the migration crisis at Calais and agree closer cooperation on fighting al-Qaida-linked militants “at source” in north Africa.

The prime minister is expected to use the summit to announce that Britian will send military helicopters to join a French campaign against Islamist extremists in the region.

منبع مطلب : https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jan/17/emmanuel-macron-bayeux-tapestry-loan-britain

Yemen war: 5,000 children dead or hurt and 400,000 malnourished, UN says

Unicef says five children a day have been killed or injured since March 2015, with ‘nearly every child in Yemen’ in need of humanitarian aid

A malnourished Yemeni child receives treatment at a hospital.

A malnourished Yemeni child receives treatment at a hospital.
Photograph: Abdo Hyder/AFP/Getty Images

The war in Yemen has killed or injured more than 5,000 children and left another 400,000 severely malnourished and fighting for their lives, according to the UN children’s agency.

In a report unveiled on Tuesday, Unicef said nearly 2 million Yemeni children were out of school, a quarter of them since the conflict escalated when a Saudi-led coalition intervened in March 2015.

More than 3 million children were born into the war, it said, adding they had been “scarred by years of violence, displacement, disease, poverty, undernutrition and a lack of access to basic services”.

Unicef said the more than 5,000 children killed or injured in the violence amounted to “an average of five children every day since March 2015”.

“An entire generation of children in Yemen is growing up knowing nothing but violence,” said Meritxell Relano, Unicef representative in Yemen.

Children in Yemen are suffering the devastating consequences of a war that is not of their making,” he said in a statement.

“Malnutrition and disease are rampant as basic services collapse,” he said, adding: “Those who survive are likely to carry the physical and psychological scars of conflict for the rest of their lives.”

The UN agency said more than 11 million children – or “nearly every child in Yemen” – were in need of humanitarian assistance.

It called for an end to the bloodshed and the protection of children, as well as sustainable and unconditional access to deliver assistance to every child in need.

‘Malnutrition and disease are rampant as basic services collapse,’ said a Unicef representative.

‘Malnutrition and disease are rampant as basic services collapse,’ said a Unicef representative. Photograph: Abdo Hyder/AFP/Getty Images

Yemen’s internationally recognised government said on Tuesday that it faced economic difficulties and called on its allies, including Saudi Arabia, to help overcome them.

In a post on Facebook, the prime minister, Ahmed bin Dagher, shared a letter to allies that called on them to help the country financially in order to “save Yemenis from famine”.

Dagher urged the allies to transfer cash to the central bank in Aden, his government’s de facto capital after Iran-backed Houthi rebels ousted it from Sana’a.

The war has killed 9,245 people since Saudi Arabia and its Arab allies joined the government’s fight against the Houthis, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

It triggered what the UN has called the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.

More than 2,200 people have died as a result of a cholera epidemic that has hit the country since April, according to the WHO.

منبع مطلب : https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jan/16/yemen-war-children-dead-injured-malnourished

Bannon refuses lawmakers’ questions, following ‘White House instructions’

Democrat says Bannon’s lawyer said former strategist, facing subpoena, would otherwise have been willing to respond

Steve Bannon, left, leaves the building after he testified before the House intelligence committee.

Steve Bannon, left, leaves the building after he testified before the House intelligence committee.
Photograph: Shawn Thew/EPA

Steve Bannon refused to answer questions from the House Intelligence Committee during a closed-door session, even after he was issued a subpoena to testify by the committee on Tuesday, saying that the White House had told him not to.

Adam Schiff, the ranking Democrat on the committee, said during a news conference after the marathon hearing, that Bannon’s lawyer had told the committee that the former White House aide “was willing to answer our questions but under instructions from the White House not to”. Schiff condemned what he called “a gag order from the White House”.

Bannon, the former Breitbart head, testified before the committee but refused to answer any questions about his time in the transition, in the Trump administration and even after he left the White House.

The hearing was left in recess and the subpoena remains in effect, which means that Bannon could be called back to testify under oath.

Schiff said: “This was the first time we saw a witness refuse to answer the questions under the instructions of the White House or claim that the White House might later invoke privilege.”

Earlier on Tuesday, it was reported that Bannon had received a grand jury subpoena last week from the special counsel Robert Mueller, who is investigating Russian meddling in the 2016 election and alleged collusion between Trump’s campaign and Moscow.

The intelligence committee’s chair, Devin Nunes, acknowledged its subpoena to reporters earlier Tuesday. “Of course I authorized the subpoena,” said the California Republican. “That’s how the rules work.”

The subpoena issued by the committee on Tuesday was the result of Bannon apparently invoking the doctrine of executive privilege, which is the implicit power of the executive branch to withhold information about internal deliberations.

Earlier on Tuesday, press secretary Sarah Sanders said “no one” had encouraged Bannon not to be transparent during questioning but there’s a “process of what that looks like”.

“As with all congressional inquiries touching upon the White House,” she told reporters, “Congress must consult with the White House prior to obtaining confidential material. This is part of a judicially recognized process that goes back decades.”

However, the supreme court has made clear that giving the president “an absolute privilege” against a subpoena “on no more than a generalized claim of the public interest in confidentiality of nonmilitary and nondiplomatic discussions would upset the constitutional balance of ‘a workable government’”.

The Republican Mike Conaway of Texas insisted to reporters that “this witness is not an executive” and felt confident that Bannon would eventually testify in full. “There were questions that we asked that were not answered and we are going to resolve the issues to get the answers.’’

Congressman Tom Rooney of Florida, speaking to reporters earlier on Tuesday, said that he “certainly think[s] the committee respects executive privilege. When does that attach, is the question that dominates the day.” Did it come into effect for a president, he asked, “during the transition or actual swearing in”?

The subpoena is reportedly the second that Bannon has received in recent days. The New York Times reported earlier Tuesday that Mueller issued a subpoena last week to compel Bannon to testify before a grand jury in his investigation.

A spokesperson for Bannon did not respond to a request for comment from the Guardian.

Bannon has come under scrutiny after making incendiary comments about the Russia investigation in the bestselling book Fire and Fury, by Michael Wolff. These comments were first reported by the Guardian. He described a 2016 meeting at Trump Tower between Trump’s son Don Jr, his son-in-law Jared Kushner, his campaign manager Paul Manafort and a number of Russians as “treasonous”, “unpatriotic”, and “bad shit”.

The top Trump aides had taken the meeting under the expectation that the Russians had damaging information about Hillary Clinton, which they wished to share with the campaign.

In the Wolff book, Bannon said it was likely that the Russians had met with Trump Sr as well. “The chance that Don Jr did not walk these jumos up to his father’s office on the 26th floor is zero,” he said.

Bannon’s willingness to abide by White House instructions comes after Trump denounced him as “Sloppy Steve” for the comments he made in Wolff’s book. Trump also issued a statement after the book’s publication bashing his former top strategist, suggesting that Bannon had “lost his mind”, and the White House press secretary, Sarah Sanders, even went so far as to say that Breitbart should “consider” removing him from his position as executive chairman. Within days, Bannon resigned from his post at the conservative website that he molded in his own image.

The Associated Press contributed reporting.

منبع مطلب : https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/jan/16/steve-bannon-trump-congress-intelligence-questioning

Cory Booker blasts Republicans for amnesia over Trump’s ‘shithole’ remark

Democratic senator says Homeland Security secretary is ‘complicit’ after she says she ‘did not hear’ president use the term

Democrats accused Republicans of selective amnesia on Tuesday as President Donald Trump’s Homeland Security secretary, Kirstjen Nielsen, testified under oath that she “did not hear” Trump use the term “shithole” to describe African countries.

New Jersey senator Cory Booker angrily criticized Nielsen’s comments, telling her: “Your silence and your amnesia is complicity.”

“It was a meeting of 12 people. There was cross-talk,” she had explained at a congressional hearing, but she didn’t “dispute the president was using tough language”.

Under persistent questioning, Nielsen said she didn’t recall the specific language used by Trump.

“What I was struck with frankly, as I’m sure you were as well, was just the general profanity used in the room by almost everyone.”

Nielsen’s comments came five days after the president ignited what the Republican senator Lindsey Graham termed an “s-storm” with his Oval Office remarks.

The White House has not substantively disputed accounts of the episode, in which Trump is said to have used “shithole” to describe African countries of origin for potential immigrants to the US.

The revelations, semi-denials and continuing comments have cast a pall over the White House’s legislative agenda, brought the country closer to the brink of a government shutdown and sparked international outrage.

And with the midterm elections approaching, there are fresh fears among Republicans who were already anxious over the political climate going into November and over Trump’s unpredictable actions.

Administration officials and lawmakers spent the holiday weekend debating the precise presidential vulgarity used, and moved to cast last Thursday’s White House meeting as a salty affair, with expletives flying in all directions.

The White House said Trump had no intention of apologizing.

“The president hasn’t said he didn’t use strong language, and this is an important issue,” the White House press secretary, Sarah Sanders, said.

“He’s passionate about it, he’s not going to apologize for trying to fix our immigration system.”

There is internal debate in the West Wing over whether Trump said “shithole” or “shithouse”.

One person who attended the meeting told aides they heard the latter expletive, while others recalled the president saying the more widely reported “shithole”, according to a person briefed on the meeting but not authorized to speak publicly about private conversations.

Trump has not clarified to aides what he said, but told reporters Sunday night in Florida that comments attributed to him “weren’t made”.

منبع مطلب : https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/jan/17/cory-booker-blasts-republicans-for-amnesia-over-trumps-shithole-remark

US officials ‘briefed Jared Kushner on concerns about Wendi Deng Murdoch’

Murdoch denies any knowledge of Chinese-funded garden project for which she is alleged to have been lobbying

Wendi Deng Murdoch, Jared Kushner and Ivanka Trump in New York in 2014

Wendi Deng Murdoch, Jared Kushner and Ivanka Trump in New York in 2014
Photograph: Patrick McMullan/Patrick McMullan via Getty Images

Jared Kushner, Donald Trump’s son-in-law, was reportedly warned about his friendship with Wendi Deng Murdoch, amid fears she was using the connection to promote China’s business interests.

Early in 2017 US officials urged Kushner, who is a senior adviser to the US president, to exercise caution around Murdoch, according to the Wall Street Journal. Murdoch is a close friend of Kushner’s wife, Ivanka Trump.

Concerns were raised by US officials about a counter-intelligence assessment that Murdoch was lobbying for a high-profile construction project in Washington funded by the Chinese government, anonymous sources told the US paper.

Wendi Deng Murdoch is former wife of Rupert Murdoch, who owns the Wall Street Journal.

The construction project was a proposed $100m (£73m) Chinese garden, which was reportedly declared a national security risk because the design included plans for a tall tower that officials were concerned could be used for surveillance. The garden was planned to be built less than five miles from both the Capitol and the White House.

Murdoch’s spokesman said she “has no knowledge of any FBI concerns or other intelligence agency concerns relating to her or her associations”. He also said she “has absolutely no knowledge of any garden projects funded by the Chinese government”.

A representative for Kushner and his wife, Ivanka Trump, described the meeting where the concerns were raised as a “routine senior staff security briefing”. He said Kushner “has complied with all ethics and disclosure recommendations and has played a helpful role in strengthening the US-China relationship so as to help bring about a better resolution to the many issues the countries have.”

The Chinese embassy in Washington said the information in the Journal’s article was “full of groundless speculations”.

Wendi Deng Murdoch has been a good friend of the couple for many years, according to an interview she did with the Guardian in 2016.

“She’s very impressive,” Murdoch said of Ivanka Trump in the interview. “She has three children and she is teaching them Chinese. It’s very nice. We’ve been friendly for many years. I try to separate [the election] from that.”

Trump has shared several photos of Murdoch on her Instagram account, including one of them travelling together in Croatia.

According to a source quoted in the Journal’s article, Murdoch has surfaced on the radar of counter-intelligence services before. When reports emerged that she may have been linked with Tony Blair while she was married, British security officials discussed with their US counterparts whether they should be concerned. Murdoch and Blair have denied they were ever romantically connected.

The Journal’s story is particularly striking because the newspaper is owned by News Corp, whose executive chairman is Murdoch’s ex-husband Rupert Murdoch. The media tycoon married the then Wendi Deng in 1999; they divorced in 2013. She has kept the Murdoch name and said in the Guardian interview that they were still friendly. They have two children together, Grace and Chloe.

Michael Wolff, the author of a new book on Donald Trump’s presidency and a biography about Rupert Murdoch, claimed on Twitter after the Journal article was published that the media tycoon had been claiming his ex-wife was a Chinese spy to “anybody who would listen” since their divorce.

However, Marcus Brauchli, a former managing editor of the Journal, expressed doubts about the story. “Count me deeply sceptical,” he posted on Twitter. “US counter-intelligence has slurred people before with flimsy suspicions, especially those people with ties to China (eg ethnic Chinese). I’d warrant Trump does more for Russia than Wendi ever did for China.”

The Journal has written extensively about Wendi Murdoch’s background before, including before Rupert Murdoch bought the newspaper in 2007.

In November 2000 the Journal published an investigation into Wendi Murdoch that claimed a Californian couple sponsored her application for a student visa in the US, helped teach her English and gave her somewhere to stay. Shortly afterwards the Californian couple divorced and Murdoch married the husband.

The article also alleged that Murdoch was helping to identify investments for her husband’s company in China and was acting as his “liaison and translator in China”. News Corp said at the time that Murdoch was “entitled to her privacy” and questioned details in the story.

منبع مطلب : https://www.theguardian.com/media/2018/jan/16/us-officials-briefed-jared-kushner-on-concerns-about-wendi-deng-murdoch

Rare Van Gogh sketches go on public display for first time in 100 years

Drawings, together with works by Govert Flinck, on show at the Singer Laren museum in the Netherlands

A drawing of Van Gogh’s The Hill of Montmartre with Stone Quarry is unveiled at the Singer Museum in Laren, the Netherlands.

A drawing of Van Gogh’s The Hill of Montmartre with Stone Quarry is unveiled at the Singer Museum in Laren, the Netherlands.
Photograph: Robin van Lonkuijsen/EPA

Art lovers are in for a rare treat as four forgotten works by Dutch masters Vincent van Gogh and 17th-century painter Govert Flinck have gone on display, after gathering dust for more than 100 years.

The works include a never-before-seen Van Gogh drawing, which had been in private hands until now.

Called The Hill of Montmartre with Quarries, Van Gogh’s monochrome artwork dates from 1886 when he was living in Antwerp and Paris, where he worked at the studio of leading French historical painter Fernand Cormon.

The sketch, together with a second drawing The Hill of Montmartre, were unveiled Tuesday at an exhibition at the Singer Laren museum in central Netherlands.

“Such a discovery is always great. It’s really exceptional and does not often happen,” Teio Meedendorp, senior researcher for the Amsterdam-based Van Gogh Museum, told AFP.

This image released by Van Vlissingen Art Foundation and the Van Gogh Museum shows a drawing by Vincent van Gogh titled The Hill of Montmartre with Stone Quarry, dating to March 1886.

This image released by Van Vlissingen Art Foundation and the Van Gogh Museum shows a drawing by Vincent van Gogh titled The Hill of Montmartre with Stone Quarry, dating to March 1886. Photograph: Van Vlissingen Art Foundation/AP

Meanwhile, two previously forgotten works by Rembrandt’s student Govert Flinck (1615-1660) were also revealed to the public at the Amsterdam Museum for the first time on Tuesday since disappearing around 1895.

The two portraits were only unearthed after their owner visited an exhibition of Flinck’s work at the Amsterdam Museum.

Meedendorp said the Van Goghs had undergone an extensive verification process.

For many years Montmartre with Quarries sat unnoticed in a private collection until it was brought to the Van Gogh Museum in 2013 for authentication, he said.

“After it came in we verified that it was indeed a Van Gogh – but we were intrigued by the question of its origins.”

The Van Gogh Museum’s art sleuths discovered the sketch originally belonged to Johanna Van Gogh-Bonger, the wife of Vincent’s brother Theo.

It had been sold into a private collection in 1917.

A Van Gogh drawing titled The Hill of Montmartre (1886).

A Van Gogh drawing titled The Hill of Montmartre (1886). Photograph: AP

“We authenticated it in 2013, but it took a bit longer because it’s up to the owner and not us to reveal the work,” he added, saying “we had to keep it under wraps for a few years.”

The sketch also gave the museum an opportunity to authenticate a second work in its possession, called The Hill at Montmartre.

The type of stationery used in both sketches is identical and “nicely illustrates how he (Vincent) was still searching for his own style in the winter and spring of 1886,” the Singer Laren museum said in a statement.

“It was a very nice investigation about a work that appeared out of nowhere. It was never published, never put on display,” Meedendorp added.

Meanwhile, the Flincks were uncovered after the anonymous owner contacted the museum to offer the portraits for its current exhibition of the 17th-century master, who studied under Rembrandt but later developed his own style.

“The paintings were hung on their owner’s living room walls when he contacted the Amsterdam Museum and asked if they’d be interested in seeing them,” Dutch newspaper Trouw said.

Believed to be portraits of Zeeland province representative Johan de Mauregenault and his wife Petronella van Panhuysm, they were last described in an 1895 auction catalogue.

“Since then the paintings disappeared into thin air until now,” the paper added.

منبع مطلب : https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2018/jan/17/rare-van-gogh-sketches-go-on-public-display-for-first-time-in-100-years