Voici la carte de la Voie lactée la plus détaillée jamais produite

En images

On connaît désormais la position d’1,7 milliard d’étoiles de notre galaxie, un record. Mardi 24 avril, l’Agence spatiale européenne a annoncé que le satellite européen Gaia avait permis de les cartographier en trois dimensions. Pour 1,3 milliard d’entre elles, le satellite a également permis de déterminer leur distance de la Terre.

« Avec Gaia, on peut vraiment reconstituer toute l’histoire de la Voie lactée. C’est comme faire de l’archéo-astronomie (…) pour reconstruire vraiment l’histoire de notre Univers », a déclaré Günther Hasinger, directeur de la science à l’ESA.

Lancé à la fin de 2013, le satellite Gaia, qui scrute les sources lumineuses de notre galaxie, est positionné à 1,5 million de kilomètres de la Terre. Il exécute 500 millions de mesures par jour. Les données sont transmises au sol et traitées par un consortium réunissant 450 scientifiques de 20 pays. Tout le monde peut désormais y avoir accès grâce à un catalogue sur Internet.


منبع مطلب : http://www.lemonde.fr/cosmos/video/2018/04/26/voici-la-carte-de-la-voie-lactee-la-plus-detaillee-jamais-produite_5291102_1650695.html

Nobel Literature Prize could be postponed in 2018 after #MeToo scandal rips apart awarding body

“We’re thinking about it. We’ll let you know soon,” Anders Olsson, the academy’s interim permanent secretary, told Swedish Radio on Wednesday.

The station reported that the prize could be held back for a year, with two laureates feted together for 2018 and 2019 next year.

READ MORE: Swedes may be charged with rape unless they get ‘explicit’ sexual consent under proposed law

“Given the situation the academy currently finds itself in, and given the best interests of the prize, it might be best to postpone it for a year,” said Peter Englund, another academy member.

Comprising the elite of the country’s literary establishment, the 18-member academy has awarded every Nobel Prize for Literature since its inception in 1901.

Long-running grievances exposed

But the secretive organization was rocked in November last year, when Jean-Claude Arnault, the husband of poet and academy member Katarina Frostenson, was accused by 18 women of sexual harassment in the wake of the #MeToo scandal.

While Arnault is not himself a member, nor have any of the charges against him been proven, he was deeply involved in the academy as the owner of the Stockholm club where members met, which was part-funded by the academy. He was also later accused of leaking names of winners days in advance of the official announcements, although he denies this and all the other charges.

But the spark set off a full-scale rift between the traditionalists and the feminist reformers, which has focused on Sara Danius, who had chaired the academy since 2015. In interviews to local media, she has told journalists that she took to presiding over meetings in the persona of Gittan P. Jonsson, an aggressive and domineering feminist with a harsh accent and choice vocabulary.

Having already aggravated several of the members, Danius pushed hardest for the punishment of Frostenson, who has now been suspended. But, at the same time Danius has herself been forced to step down, after her leadership and handling of the crisis was criticized, a situation that has led the Swedish media to point out that the two women have been the only confirmed victims of a sex scandal purportedly provoked by male misbehavior. Three more members have also decided to voluntarily boycott any further participation following the vicious in-fighting.

The clean-out could have served as a stepping stone to potential reform, but members are chosen for life, and have not traditionally been allowed to resign. In fact, together with previous boycotts there are now only 11 active academy members, fewer than the 12 needed to elect a newcomer.

King Carl XVI Gustaf, the patron of the body, established back in 1786, has been obliged to step in, saying that the Swedish Academy’s charter will be altered, so that old members can resign permanently, and new ones be elected in their stead.

READ MORE: Bob Dylan admits in Nobel Prize speech he never considered lyrics to be ‘literature’

But for the moment it remains unclear who exactly will be judging this year’s literature prize, which is due to be announced in October, or if the members will have sufficient time to read books between internal politicking and apologetic media interviews.

منبع مطلب : https://www.rt.com/news/425232-nobel-literature-prize-metoo/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=RSS

‘Stop bombing planet A’: Macron’s climate change speech slammed online

The statement was made as Macron addressed Congress on climate change, taking aim at Trump’s decision to pull the US out of the Paris agreement.

“I am sure one day, the US will come back and join the Paris Agreement. Let us face it: There is no planet B,” Macron said.

His speech was met with a standing ovation from some members of Congress and a display of praise online, as people applauded him for delivering the stark reminder so eloquently.

However, some social media users offered a more skeptical reception to the speech and were quick to draw attention to the French president’s hypocrisy.

“So stop bombing Planet A,” was the hard-hitting rebuke from one Twitter user. Earlier this month France joined the US and the UK in launching airstrikes on Syria in response to an alleged chemical weapons attack on the town of Douma. Macron said at the time he had proof that the Syrian government was responsible for the alleged attack.

READ MORE: ‘Syrian strike was risk without benefit for US, as Russia got American weapon samples’   

Other Twitter users laid bare some examples of how the French leader’s policies are proving destructive to the environment. French economist and climate activist Maxim Combes questioned why Macron supported CETA and other environmentally unfriendly trade agreements.

Macron supports CETA (Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement), the transatlantic treaty between Canada and Europe which has been dubbed by environmental groups as a major step backwards for the environment.

Another French commenter outlined similar concerns, claiming Macron’s ambition to build a gold mine in French Guiana adds to his list of worrisome environmental policies.The World Wildlife Fund is calling on the French president to stop the mining project, arguing it “will have a catastrophic impact on the environment.”

The Montagne d’Or project would see a total of 1,513 hectares (5.8 sq miles) cleared including sites where more than 2,000 plant and animal species can be found, including 127 protected species.

A petition by campaigners highlights Macron’s public stance on climate change and asks for action. “You have pledged to the world to fight climate change and protect the planet at the One Planet Summit. The construction of an industrial mine between two complete biological reserves in the French Amazon is incompatible with our climate commitments and presents a major risk for Guyanese biodiversity,” the petition states.

Last year France pledged €30 million for climate research. Last month Macron announced an additional investment of €700 million for global solar energy generation by 2022 to reduce the use of fossil fuel and help combat climate change.

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منبع مطلب : https://www.rt.com/news/425231-macron-planetb-climate-hypocrisy/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=RSS

Russian security chief reveals US attempts to hinder international cooperation

“As this event was in preparatory stages, certain nations which I will not name here said that they had experienced pressure from the US and because of that they could not participate in multilateral events, but at the same time they expressed readiness to develop bilateral cooperation,” the secretary of Russia’s Security Council, Nikolai Patrushev, was quoted as saying by TASS.

The official was referring to the 9th International Meeting of High-Ranking Security Officials which took place in the Russian Black Sea resort of Sochi on April 25 and 26.

He also noted that some of the officials who participated in the conference had also said that US colleagues had subjected them to pressure, but nevertheless the event gathered representatives of 118 nations, which is a record. “The pressure is present and we can feel it, but they have not achieved the result they desired,” Patrushev noted.

The Russian security chief also stated that the US and the countries that had been forced to succumb to US pressure had “isolated themselves from the opportunity to get the information that was discussed in Sochi.” 

Patrushev also told reporters that all participants of the Sochi conference jointly opposed the unilateral use of force and neglect of international law in solving crises. In addition, they emphasized the importance of negotiations and the major role of the United Nations in international relations.

Last week, while speaking at a session of the Security Council, Patrushev stated that as Washington had turned more hostile and confrontational towards Russia, Moscow also needed to switch its foreign policy to a more offensive mode. Russia needs to respond to attacks to protect its core interests, he said.

The key foreign policy goals described by Patrushev range from boosting the stability of Russia’s financial system to ensuring that Russia can produce essential military and civilian products with a minimal reliance on foreign suppliers, to defending the traditional values of Russian society.

Patrushev suggested that Russia should seek engagement with nations other than the US, including those that currently follow America’s lead in confronting Russia, to find common interests.

منبع مطلب : https://www.rt.com/politics/425229-security-us-attempts-hinder/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=RSS

Actress Sierra Boggess quits BBC Prom’s ‘West Side Story’ amid complaints of ‘whitewashing’

The caucasian American actress was supposed to play the main character of Maria, a young Puerto Rican woman. The musical – based on Shakespeare’s tragedy of Romeo and Juliet – is set to be a centerpiece of this summer’s BBC Prom.

After being urged by Twitter users to “stop taking roles from actors of color,” award-winning Boggess, 35, announced in a Facebook post that she would be stepping down. She claimed taking on the role would be a “huge mistake” as it would deny ethnic actors the “importance” of seeing themselves represented on stage.

Ava Vidal, a comedian and writer, told RT’s Bill Dod that Boggess made the right decision as roles for ethnic actors are already limited.

“There are not a lot of opportunities for ethnic minorities actors as it is, so having roles taken away from you, that are supposed to cast ethnic minorities, it’s not very good,” she said, adding that performing a role “from somebody else’s culture isn’t really good.”

When asked if the pressure white actors are increasingly facing to reject ethnic roles amounts to yet another form of racism, Vidal dismissed the suggestion, saying: “There is no institutionalized racism for black people, so that doesn’t exist for a start.”

A BBC statement said: “We respect Sierra’s decision to withdraw from ‘West Side Story’ at the BBC Proms this year and will announce her replacement in due course.”

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Wife of Russian ice hockey star Ilya Kovalchuk embarks on bodybuilding career (PHOTOS)

At the beginning of April the mother of four participated in a bodybuilding tournament where she was among the prize winners.

It was very difficultI forgot everything I learned, when I heard the command to go to the stage. I had thought before that I was brave. How could I smile if inside really I wanted to run away? I experienced very mixed feelings,” she wrote on her Instagram page.

The PyeongChang Olympic gold medalist Kovalchuk said that his wife trains twice a day to keep fit.

At first she went to the gym to lose weight after giving birth to our child,” the former NHLer said, as cited by eg.ru.

Later she became involved in the training process realizing she can’t live without it. Nikol eats seven times a day, but her portions are very small. All the calories she consumes are meticulously calculated. In summer time, when I don’t have competitions during the break, she gives me recommendations regarding food ratio. When she goes shopping, she parks her car far away from a shopping mall to walk a little bit. Yes, my wife really loves sports.”

After winning the Olympic gold, Kovalchuk announced plans to return to the NHL next season, as his current contract with SKA St. Petersburg expires on April 30. Kovalchuk said that his planned return to the NHL was inspired by his PyeongChang teammate Pavel Datsyuk, who entered the so-called “Triple Gold Club,” designed for players who have won the Stanley Cup, Winter Olympics and World Championship during their careers.

So far, only seven Russian players have managed to win the three most prestigious trophies in ice-hockey, and Kovalchuk aims to join “Triple Gold Club” members. After winning two back-to-back world titles and the coveted Olympic trophy in South Korea, the only missing trophy in his collection of awards remains the Stanley Cup. With this dream on his mind, Kovalchuk will go to North America in an attempt to lift the cup next year.

منبع مطلب : https://www.rt.com/sport/425224-ilya-kovalchuk-wife-bodybuilding/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=RSS

US to expand role in Syria – Mattis

Right now we are not withdrawing,” Mattis told the Senate Armed Services Committee. “We are continuing the fight, we are going to expand it and bring in more regional support. This is the biggest shift we’re making right now.”

In his statement, Mattis maintained that the US was not stepping in to take sides in the ongoing conflict in Syria. “No military solution is possible in the Syrian civil war,” Mattis said.

In his testimony, Mattis maintained that the US was not stepping in to take sides in the ongoing Syrian civil war. “No military solution is possible in the Syrian civil war,” Mattis said. “We continue to support a diplomatic solution as part of the UN-led peace process.”

President Donald Trump had previously stated that US forces would withdraw from Syria once Islamic State (ISIS) was defeated, but has not yet provided any kind of timeline for when that might be.

At a White House news conference on Tuesday, the president said that US troops would be “coming home relatively soon,” but he also wants to leave a “strong and lasting footprint” in the region.

Before running for office, Trump had repeatedly warned his predecessor, Barack Obama, against intervention in Syria. Intervention, he warned, would be costly and had “no upside and tremendous downside.” Even last month, Trump announced plans to bring US troops home, and said that the US would  “let other people take care of it.”

منبع مطلب : https://www.rt.com/usa/425223-america-expand-role-syria/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=RSS

48 decapitations in 4 months: Saudi executions persist despite MbS charm offensive

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman has been lauded by Western media as the ‘great reformer,’ he’s even been given the catchy, friendly acronym –- MbS. Bin Salman has been praised for finally allowing women to drive, enter sports stadia and opening the country’s first cinemas in a generation.

Bin Salman has been busy too, he has recently been on a worldwide charm offensive, with millions of dollars being spent on an army of PR firms, selling the image of Saudi Arabia as a modern country looking to reform, and diversify the country’s oil-dependent economy.

Yet some things don’t change. He continues to purchase a massive amount of weaponry from Britain and America while at home ‘the great reformer’ maintains the kingdom’s age-old practice of beheading people as punishment for serious crime.

Many of the 48 people who have been executed so far this year, according to Human Rights watch (HRW), have died for their involvement in non-violent crime while many more convicted of drug-related crime “remain on death row following convictions by Saudi Arabia’s notoriously unfair criminal justice system.”

In an interview with Time magazine on April 5, MbS said that the kingdom has a plan to decrease the overall number of executions but that this strategy did not pertain to those convicted of murder.

“Any plan to limit drug executions needs to include improvements to a justice system that doesn’t provide for fair trials,” HRW’s Sarah Leah Whitson said in a Thursday press release.

READ MORE: Iranian leader worse than Hitler, absolute monarchy is cool – Saudi crown prince

According to HRW Saudi Arabia has carried out almost 600 executions, in which the condemned are beheaded using a sword, since 2014. Over 200 of these were for drug offenses. The rest were for crimes such as murder, terrorism, rape, incest and sorcery.

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ISIS & Africa terrorist groups stirring new, bigger migrant crisis for Europe – UN food chief

David Beasley said that Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) was partnering with terrorist groups like Al-Shabaab, Boko Haram and Al-Qaeda to spark a wave of African migration into Europe – and infiltrate the ranks of migrants in the process.

Many IS militants are fleeing from the wannabe caliphate that failed to appear in Syria and Iraq. But now they have reportedly found refuge in Africa’s Sahel region, a belt of semi-arid land spanning east-west across Africa south of the Sahara Desert. According to Beasley, the terrorist coalition is now using food as a weapon to destabilize the region, which is home to 500 million people, and force a new wave of mass migration into Europe.

“You are going to face a similar pattern of what took place years ago, except you are going to have more ISIS and extremist groups infiltrating migration,” Beasley told the Guardian during a visit to Brussels for a two-day Syria summit.

The size of the crisis will also be far worse this time around, Beasley warned. “My comment to the Europeans is that if you think you had a problem resulting from a nation of 20 million people like Syria because of destabilization and conflict resulting in migration, wait until the greater Sahel region of 500 million people is further destabilized. And this is where the European community and international community have got to wake up.”

Referring to the threat of an African migration wave into Europe, Beasley told the Associated Press last month the migration crisis created by the war in Syria “could be like a drop in the bucket compared to what’s coming your way.”

Beasley warned that the international community needed to take immediate action to prevent a food crisis in the Sahel region, noting that the UN’s food program was already over-extended and under-funded due to “19 or 20 countries in protracted conflict.”

More than 2.5 million migrants poured into the European Union in 2015-16, leading to political, social and economic friction that the bloc is still struggling with today.

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منبع مطلب : https://www.rt.com/news/425220-un-isis-africa-new-migrant-crisis/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=RSS

Trump boasts he changed Macron’s stance on Iran deal

“He is viewing Iran a lot differently than he did before he walked into the Oval Office,” Trump said. “He understands where I am coming from with respect to Iran, and that’s important. Iran is a real problem for this country.”

Speaking on Fox and Friends on Thursday morning, the president talked at a rapid-fire pace for 20 minutes, but offered no further hints whether he would pull America out of the Iran deal. He did, however, reiterate his long-standing opposition to the 2015 deal, which restricts Tehran’s nuclear program in exchange for sanctions relief.

“The president – and when I say ‘president,’ I’m talking about the past administration – made a horrible deal, giving $150 billion, giving $1.8 billion in cash…it’s inconceivable.

“All they [Iran] do is scream ‘Death to America,” Trump said. “By the way, they’re not screaming it so much anymore. They were screaming it with him [Obama] but they’re not screaming it with me.”

Trump has until May 12 to renew a sanctions waiver on Iran. If he does not renew the waiver, the Iran deal is void. The Iranian foreign minister said last week that Iran would not remain in the deal if the US pulls out, and the Iranian president warned the US of “severe consequences” if it abandoned the deal.

In a speech to Congress yesterday, however, Macron said that France would remain in the Iran deal. “We should not abandon it without having something substantial, or more substantial instead,” he said. “That is my position.”

Trump went on to savage the Obama administration’s negotiating skills, and credit his own tough talk with bringing North Korea’s Kim Jong-un to the table.

“I’m not like Obama, where you have Kerry, who’s the worst negotiator I’ve ever seen. He goes in for the Iran deal and he never leaves. He should have left,” Trump said. John Kerry negotiated the final deal with Iran in spring 2015, even as international weapons inspectors raised concerns about their ability to properly inspect and verify Iranian military sites.

Trump described his war of words last year with Kim as “very, nery nasty,” but stood by his approach.

“Everybody said ‘This guy is going to get us into nuclear war,’ but let me tell you, the nuclear war would have happened if you had weak people. This should have been settled long before I came into office. This is a much more dangerous ball game now, but it’s going very well.”

As before, President Trump could not offer a date for a meeting with Kim Jong-un, or a concrete assurance as to whether the meeting would definitely go ahead. It is provisionally slated to take place towards the end of May.

منبع مطلب : https://www.rt.com/usa/425219-trump-boasts-macron-syria/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=RSS